Shock collars include remote dog training collars, bark collars, and electric dog fence collars. They are devices that use static stimulation to help dog owners or trainers discipline dogs and reinforce positive behaviors to them.
Despite the fact that there have been arguments on if these collars are safe or inhumane, shock collars have been used by many dog owners or dog trainers who use them professionally. Originally used in the 1960s to train hunting dogs, shock collars at that time were very high powered, but many modern versions are delivering very low levels of shock. They now have been used in a range of applications, including behavioral modification, obedience training, pet containment, and military, police and service training.
How do they work?
Well, shock collars differ in the way the shock is triggered. For instance, bark collars are triggered by the vibration of the dog’s vocal cords, or by the sound of barking. They rely on vibration or a microphone that can detect noise and then they trigger a mild electric shock. Some bark collars respond to vibrations in the dog’s throat and they can only pick up barking that is right against the sensor. Thus, a nearby dog barking will not trigger the bark collar your dog is wearing. Others are equipped with built-in microphones that detect the sound of a dog’s bark. In order to increase effectiveness, some collars use both sensors and microphones to detect barking in dogs.
Other shock collars can be activated by a handheld remote-control device held by the owner or trainer when an unfavorable behavior occurs. The handheld remote-control unit means that the dog owner has to engage in the training process. By pressing a button on the controller, the owner can deliver a shock to the dog from a distant location. This kind of shock collars can be used as a form of positive punishment. For example, if your dog is chasing your neighbor’s cat, he/she will get shocked in the hopes of stopping the behavior. It can also be used for negative reinforcement. For example, if your dog does not come or sit when you give the command, he/she will be shocked continuously until he/she does the wanted behavior.
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